“Nation are born in the hearts of poets, they prosper and die in the hands of politicians” these are the words that reflect Iqbal’s ideology. Sir Muhammad Iqbal a great poet, philosopher, politician and an academic barrister was born on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot. His magnificent philosophy “Khudi” created an awareness of self determination which forced the Muslims to wake up and struggle for their rights. Iqbal arise the Muslims of India at the time when the Ottoman Empire was going out of Turks, when the Persian Empire was quiet, when Afghan’s were in conflicts and when the British had made India a strong fort. He conveyed a message to learn from eagle as despite being on height he can see the prey.
Though, he studied in West but his poetry was a rebelling against the West’s culture. He liberated Muslims from thinking of slavery and taught to live with respect. He emphasized on collectiveness rather than individuality and he inspired the people of Hindustan with his concept of believe. Iqbal suggests that the core of “Tauheed” is human’s unity, equality, and freedom, and that these supreme concepts must be revamp into a awareness of specific society. He was ready to move further on the avenue that Sir Syed Ahmed Khan had adopted before him and that was the term of “two nation theory”.
During his studies, he became a member of All India Muslim League moreover; he supported the concept to create a separate state for Muslims in North West India. He also dreamed of Pakistan and articulate the theory of separate state for Muslims & Hindus which led to the creation of our motherland on August 14, 1947.
Today, at national level, we again feels the lack of unity and brotherhood despite of having a strong biographic Iqbal’s theory. We are convinced of Iqbal’s school of thought, but we do not demonstrate it in practical life that is why Muslims are suffering regardless of being their majority in the world. The question also arises; did our leaders embark on the idea of Iqbal’s Pakistan? Did our politicians follow Iqbal’s message of tolerance? Did we adhere to the ideology of “Khudi” which was Iqbal’s mission during his entire life? We are hypocrites who are followers of Iqbal’s dream on one side, and on the other hand, all its ideologies are only limited to the extent of our books.
Our rulers are busy misleading the public instead of ensuring the ideas of Iqbal. He was a strong believer of Islam, but at the same time he was against the hardship in Islam, which also appears in his poetry. It was a reality that religious scholars did not play their positive role in awakening Muslims as Iqbal used to think they could contribute. In a letter he wrote to his friend, Iqbal stated that the Ulama had abandoned the movement started by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He emphasizes the urgency to make Muslim League a great organization and also speaks strongly to address the financial problems. However, he also thinks that the protection of Muslim culture had priority over financial consideration.
Iqbal was given many titles including Hakeem-ul-Ummet, Shaair-e-Mashriq, Mufaqir-e- Pakistan and Musawer-e-Pakistan, while Quaid e Azam M Ali Jinnah called Iqbal “sage philosopher” and “National poet”. He was not only a distinguished poet, but a successful politician, a gifted philosopher, a brilliant Scholar, a visionary & ideological founder as well as an obedient son. His father was a tailor but he encouraged his son to study modern education along with Islamic education. That is why, when Iqbal’s mother died, he suffered severe grief and mentioned in his famous poem as; “Who would wait for me in my home, who would display restlessness if my letter fails to arrive?”
Allama Iqbal was a genius. He stood first in grad -I during his studies in Scotch Mission School, Sialkot, in 1885. He passed Matric in 1st division and won a medal with scholarship. In his initial years at SMC College, he started expressing under the pen name of Iqbal which was published in regular magazines. He passed his Bachelor’s in first division and won medals in English and Arabic. Iqbal was once influenced by the teaching of Thomas Arnold who was his Philosophy teacher at Govt. College Lahore which convinced him to pursue his further studies in West. During his study, he began to write his expressions in Persian. Iqbal’s notion in his work mostly based on the spiritual alley and evolution of human society. He had a great interest in Islamic studies, particularly Sufism. It is also visible from his poetry in which apart from freedom principles, he also explores fantasy to acceptance of Allah and ensuring the direction of Muhammad (S.A.W). He selected Maulana Rumi as his guide and he showed him in the character of template in many of his poems.
Iqbal condemn the political splitting between Muslim nations, and often spoke on unity of Islamic society. Iqbal stressed on getting education to know the truth of life rather than acquiring for employment and for that he asked in his quoted; O wise men! It is good to have a thirst for knowledge, but of what use is knowledge that cannot apprehend reality?
Until few years back, there used to be a public holiday on the occasion of Allama Iqbal’s birth anniversary across the country, but today is an ordinary working day as it was decided by the previous Government in 2015 to celebrate November 09 as the day of work rather than closing routine business. It is imperative for us to respect and follow the ideology of Iqbal and to adopt it in our everyday life.